# An experiment to measure wire resistance in relation to its length

Observe changes to the equation and wire as you play with the resistivity, length, and area sliders sample learning goals predict how changing each variable will affect the resistance. The wire that will be used in the experiment is nichrome 30 wire which has a radius of 0000125m and also nichrome 22 wire, with a radius of 00346mm (346e-5m) ohm’s law deals with the relationship between voltage, current and resistance. Main experiment: how does the length of wire affect its resistance ohms law: electric circuits are designed to transfer just sufficient energy to operate the components in the circuit. For example, if thin wires are to be measured, then a high measuring current would heat the wire and change its resistance value copper wire has a temperature coefficient of 4% per °c at ambient temperatures, so for a wire with a 1ω resistance, raising the temperature by 10°c will increase its value to 10 x 0004 = 004ω. A length of copper wire (α = 0004041 at 20 o c) has a resistance of 5 ohms at 20 degrees celsius calculate its resistance if the temperature were to increase to 50 degrees celsius calculate its resistance if the temperature were to increase to 50 degrees celsius.

You have now learnt how the shape of a material (length and cross-section area) controls its resistance you also know the definition of resistivity in this experiment you will measure the resistivity of a sample of metal wire. Physics 42 resistance and resistivity phet lab after performing this experiment and analyzing the data, you should be able to: 1 explain on what factors the resistance of a wire depends and why for example, a 4-m length of wire has twice as much resistance as a 2-m length of the same wire also, the larger the cross-sectional area. Calculating the resistance of a wire uniform cross section length of wire: l area of cross section: a resistivity of material: ˆ variable cross section cross-sectional proﬁle: a(x) resistance of slice: dr = ˆdx a(x) resistance of wire: r = ˆ.

The electrical resistance of an object is a measure of its opposition to the flow of electric current the inverse quantity is electrical conductance, and is the ease with which an electric current passeselectrical resistance shares some conceptual parallels with the notion of mechanical frictionthe si unit of electrical resistance is the ohm (), while electrical conductance is measured in. Physics 111 laboratory experiment #3 current, voltage and resistance in series and parallel circuits this experiment is designed to investigate the relationship between current and potential in dmm to measure resistance, the resistance will be displayed. Strain gauge measurement involves sensing extremely small changes in resistance therefore, proper selection and use of the bridge, signal conditioning, wiring, and data acquisition components are required for reliable measurements. Start by measuring the resistance of the length of wire use an ohmmeter to measure the resistance of the wire if you use a 2-wire measurement the calculator assumes you have 02 ohms of lead resistance. The ni 4070 digital multimeter has two modes of resistance (ohms) measurement: 2-wire and 4-wire 2-wire and 4-wire apply the same precision current (amps) to the circuit, but the difference between 2-wire and 4-wire resistance (ohms) measurements is how the voltage measurement is made.

Resistance of a wire (ohm)= (resistivity(ohmm)(length(m)/cross sectional area(m^2)) by looking at this equation we can tell that length is directly proportional to the resistance , cross sectional area is inversely proportional to the resistance and resistivity (greek letter : rho) is a constant that is directly proportional as well to the resistivity. Resistance of a wire data analysis coursework help for charter school year 10 how to complete the experiment. Ohm’s law and resistivity your name _____ in this lab, you investigate ohm’s law and measure the electric resistivity of metallic wires background ohm’s law is an empirical relationship between the voltage and the electric current for resistance versus the length of the wire. Aim -to determine resistance per unit length of a given wire by plotting a graph of potential length of the wire = fig -1 circuit to find the relation between current (i )and potential difference(v) connecting screws,may affect the measurement 3 the length l of the wire should not include the lengths below the terminals when placed.

## An experiment to measure wire resistance in relation to its length

3 students should come to understand that the resistance of a wire depends on its length, its cross sectional area, and the material out of which it is made with some students you could go further and introduce the concept of resistivity ρ, through the relationship r = ρ l / a where r = resistance, ρ = resistivity, l = length and a = cross. Using a copper wire, a standard 1 ω resistor, and a piece of bscco 2223 superconducting tape using liquid nitrogen as the refrigerant, students will measure electrical resistance over a temperature range from -196 °c (77 k) to room temperature, approximately 22 °c (295 k. Episode 112: resistivity this should lead to two predictions about the resistance of a wire: resistance increases with length student experiment: measurement of resistivity complete this section by asking your students to measure the resistivity of several metal wires.

- The resistance of a long wire is greater than the resistance of a short wire because electrons collide with more ions as they pass through the relationship between resistance and wire length is.
- From my experiment i have found out that as the length of the wire increases, the resistance of the wire increases at a similar rate, therefore, the rate of increase in the length of a wire is directly proportional to the increase in resistance.

I have been given an investigation to do on fusing factors of wires i have looked at the effect that increasing the length of a wire has on the fusing current i know that it doesnt effect it but i do not know why i also have looked at diameter of the wire in relation to fusing current i know. C calculate the resistance of the lamp at its running temperature d now, for several different values of pd, measure the current through the lamp plot a graph of your results this graph is known as the voltage-current characteristic of the lamp. Modify your experiment if necessary gather, record and process data relationship between length and resistance copper wire of nominal diameter if the length of a wire is increased then its resistance will increase if its cross-sectional area and temperature remains constant if the cross-sectional area increases then the. I have heard that resistance is directly proportional to length and inversely proportional to area of cross-section can someone give me a practical explanation for this proof for resistance is directly proportional to length and inversely proportional to the area of cross-section question regarding inverse relation of resistance with.